Special tax rules may apply to some children who receive investment income. The rules may affect the amount of tax and how to report the income. Here are five important points to keep in mind if your child has investment income this year:
1. Investment Income. Investment income generally includes interest, dividends, and capital gains. It also includes other unearned income, such as from a trust.
2. Parent’s Tax Rate. If your child’s total investment income is more than $2,100, then your tax rate may apply to part of that income instead of your child’s tax rate. See the instructions for Form 8615, Tax for Certain Children Who Have Unearned Income.
3. Parent’s Return. You may be able to include your child’s investment income on your tax return if it was more than $1,100 but less than $11,000 for the year. If you make this choice, then your child will not have to file his or her own return. See Form 8814, Parents’ Election to Report Child’s Interest and Dividends, for more information.
4. Child’s Return. If your child’s investment income was $11,000 or more in 2020, then the child must file their own return. File Form 8615 with the child’s federal tax return.
5. Net Investment Income Tax. Your child may be subject to the Net Investment Income Tax if they must file Form 8615. Use Form 8960, Net Investment Income Tax, to figure this tax.
If you have any questions about your child’s investment income, help is just a phone call away.